NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 2 – New Kings and Kingdoms (Social Science), contains solutions to various questions in Exercise for Chapter 2. At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords and Notes which are important to understand From New Kings and Kingdoms Class 7 History, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. We are providing NCERT Solutions for Class 7 all subjects which can be accessed by clicking here.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 2 – New Kings and Kingdoms– Solutions to Question 1 to Question 3
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 2 – New Kings and Kingdoms– Solutions to Question 4 to Question 7
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 2 – New Kings and Kingdoms– Solutions to Question 7 to Question 11
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 2 – New Kings and Kingdoms– Solutions to Question 11 and Question 12-Definition of Keywords-Samanta, Temple, Nadu and Sabha.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 2 – New Kings and Kingdoms Exercises includes -Match the Following and Question/Answers which helps you to understand the topic covered in New Kings and Kingdoms Class 7 History (Social Science), in a better manner to help you to score good marks in your examinations.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 2 – New Kings and Kingdoms – NCERT Exercises
Match the following:
Who were the parties involved in the “tripartite struggle”?
The parties who were involved in the “tripartite struggle” and came to be known as tripartite because of the presence of three parties who fought for control over Kannauj. These three parties were:
- Pala dynasties.
What were the qualifications necessary to become a member of a committee of the sabha in the Chola Empire?
In order to become a member of a committee of the sabha in the Chola empire, following were the qualifications required:
- One was required to possess ownership of land from which land revenue was collected and one should also have their own homes.
- One should have been aged between 35 years to 70 years to be a part of it.
- One should possess knowledge of the Vedas.
- The member should be honest and should be efficient in administrative matters.
- These members should not have been part of any other committee in the past three years; or else they were forbidden to be a part of the committee.
- One himself or any other relative of his if was found to be at fault with any accounts then the person was debarred from contesting the elections.
What were the two major cities under the control of the Chahamanas?
The two major cities under the control of the Chahamanas included:
How did the Rashtrakutas become powerful?
Rashtrakutas were initially the subordinates or samantas of the Chalukyas of Karnataka in the Deccan. In the mid-eighth century, the Rashtrakuta chief “Dantidurga” defeated his Chalukya overlord and executed a ritual called “hiranya-garbha” (literally, the golden womb) with the vigorous help of Brahmanas. This was considered to be a prominent step for his rebirth as a“Kshatriya”, even though he was not one by birth. After they gained the required strength and power they proclaimed themselves as independent and separated from the overlords alongside they also made a demonstration of their power by fighting with the Gujjara Pratihara and Pala dynasties. All these made them powerful and they started rising as the ruling the dynasty.
What did the new dynasties do to gain acceptance?
In order to gain acceptance, the new dynasties:
- Initiated declaring themselves as “maha-samanata”, “maha-mandaleshwara” (i.e. a great lord of a circle or a region) and took on other such titles as they started gaining wealth and power.
- They performed religious rituals like ‘Hiranya Garbha’ with the help of Brahamanas to declare themselves as “Kshatriyas” and also built a temple to acknowledge the same.
- In order to assert their power, they began to engage themselves in warfare with neighbouring regions and used their military skills to sculpt kingdoms for themselves.
What kind of irrigation works were developed in the Tamil region?
Answer 7: –
Around the 5th– 6th century, areas near Kaveri river in Tamil Nadu were unbolted for large-scale cultivation. Irrigation measures developed included the following:
- Building up of embankments in the delta region in order to prevent flooding.
- Construction of canals in order to carry water to the fields.
- Digging up of wells to water crops artificially.
- Construction of huge tanks to collect rainwater.
- Building of Sluice gates to regulate the outflow of water into channels used for the purpose of field irrigation.
- Deforestation and levelling of land were also done.
What were the activities associated with Chola temples?
Chola temples became bases of settlements which grew around them. The activities associated with them include:
- They playing roles as important centres of craft production. Amid the crafts which were associated with the temples, the making of bronze images was the most unique one. Chola bronze images were considered the finest in the world. While most images were that of the deities, sometimes images of devotees were made alongside.
- They were not only places of worship but hub of economic, social and cultural life including priests, garland makers, cooks, sweepers, musicians and dancers living around.
Look at Map 1 once more and find out whether there were any kingdoms in the state in which you live.
The kingdom of the Chahamanas (i.e. Chauhans) existed in New Delhi, the state of my residence.
Contrast the “elections” in Uttaramerur with present-day panchayat elections.
The sabha in Uttaramerur had separate committees to look after irrigation works, gardens, temples, etc. and names of those eligible to be members of these committees were written on small tickets of palm leaf and were kept in an earthenware pot, from which a young boy was given the opportunity to pick the tickets, for each committee.
Present day Panchayat elections are based on the principle of ‘universal adult franchise’ wherein each individual under the Panchayat above the age of 18 years is eligible to vote for their choice of candidate.
Compare the temple shown in this chapter with any present-day temple in your neighbourhood, highlighting any similarities and differences that you notice.
A temple devoted to worship of Lord Rama is located in my neighbourhood. However, the temple does not possess intricate and detailed carvings and elaborate stone structures like the temple at Gangaikonda cholapuram. However, the roof of the temple tapers in a similar manner to the temple at Gangaikonda cholapuram.
Find out more about taxes that are collected at present. Are these in cash, kind, or labour services?
A number of direct and indirect taxes including income tax, road tax, entertainment tax, wealth tax, commercial tax, property tax, service tax, sales tax etc. are collected at present. These are collected in the form of cash only. In present times, it is difficult to find taxes paid in kind or labour services however in the rural areas we often hear about farmers paying a part of their total harvest as tax as often they fall short for cash which can be considered as tax paid in kind.
Topics Covered in Chapter 2 – New Kings and Kingdoms Class 7 History (Social Science)
- The emergence of new dynasties
- Administration in the kingdoms
- Prashastis and land grants
- Warfare for wealth
- A closer look–The Cholas
- From Uraiyur to Thanjavur
- Splendid temples and bronze sculpture
- Agriculture and irrigation
- The administration of the empire
- Inscriptions and texts
- Types of land
Important Terms Relevant for NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 2 – New Kings and Kingdoms :
Samanta: A samanta refers to a subordinate to a big landlord or warrior chief.
Temple: A temple is a symbolic house to gods and goddesses, constructed for religious worships.
Nadu: Settlements of peasants (known as ur) became prosperous with the spread of irrigation agriculture. Groups of such villages formed larger units called nadu.
Sabha: An organized council or assembly is referred to as sabha.