NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 7 – New Questions and Ideas (Social Science), contains solutions to various questions in Exercise for Chapter 7. At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords and Notes which are important to understand From New Questions and Ideas Class 6 History, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. We are providing NCERT Solutions for Class 6 all subjects which can be accessed by clicking here.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 7 – New Questions and Ideas– Solutions to Question 1 to Question 3
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 7 – New Questions and Ideas– Solutions to Question 3 to Question 6
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 7 – New Questions and Ideas– Definition of Keywords-Tanha, Prakrit, Upanishads, Atman, Brahman, Ahimsa, Jaina, Sangha, Bhikkhu, Vihara and Monastery.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 7 – New Questions and Ideas Exercises includes-True and False and Question/Answers which helps you to understand the topic covered in New Questions and Ideas Class 6 History (Social Science), in a better manner to help you to score good marks in your examinations.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 7 – New Questions and Ideas – NCERT Exercises
Describe the ways in which the Buddha tried to spread his message to the people?
- The Buddha taught that the world was full of suffering and desire was the main cause of sufferings.
- Buddha gave discourses in the language of the masses which was called ‘Prakrit’. Hence it was widely understood.
- Buddha asserted that Buddhism was open to people of all social backgrounds. Thus, Buddhism came to be adopted by more people.
- Buddhism discouraged sacrifices and focused on good action through Eight Fold Paths like right thought, right action, right knowledge etc.
Write whether true or false:
(a) The Buddha encouraged animal sacrifices.
(b) Sarnath is important because it was the place where the Buddha taught for the first time.
(c) The Buddha taught that karma has no effect on our lives.
(d) The Buddha attained enlightenment at Bodh Gaya.
(e) Upanishadic thinkers believed that the atman and brahman were ultimately one.
What were the questions that Upanishadic thinkers wanted to answer?
The Upanishads literally means “approaching and sitting near”.The texts contain conversations between teachers and students.
- Some of them wanted to know about life after death.
- Others contemplated why sacrifices should be performed.
Many of these thinkers felt that there was something permanent in the universe that would last even after death.They described this as the atman or the individual soul and the brahman or the universal soul.
What were the main teachings of the Mahavira?
Mahavira was a Lichchhavi prince who left his home at the age of thirty and went to live in the forest.
- He taught that men and women must leave their homes in search of truth.
- The principle of ahimsa or the principle of not hurting or killing any living being was to be strictly followed.
- The followers were urged to be honest and were never to steal.
- They had to follow celibacy i.e. giving up even their clothes and live on alms.
- His teachings are called Tri Ratna which includes Right Speech, Right Action and Right Knowledge.
Why do you think Anagha’s mother wanted her to know the story of Buddha?
In my opinion, Anangha’s mother wanted her to know of the story of Buddha as:
- Buddhism and the story of Buddha continue to be relevant today.
- Buddha taught the importance of one’s actions and and their effects.
- Buddhism also taught for compassion for fellow beings and the importance of collective.
Do you think it would have been easy for slaves to join the sangha? Give reasons for your answer?
Yes, it would have been easy for slaves to join the sangha. This would be so because:
- Buddhism accepted followers from all social backgrounds, even the shudras and women.
- Buddhism rejected the idea of attainment of nirvana based on merit through birth and focused it on one’s karma or actions.
Topics Covered in Chapter 7 – New Questions and Ideas Class 6 History (Social Science)
- The story of the Buddha
- The story of Kisagotami
- The wise beggar
- Panini, the grammarian
- The sangha
- The system of ashramas
Important Terms Relevant for NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 7 – New Questions and Ideas :
Tanha: The craving or thirst to want more was termed as ‘Tanha’ by Buddha.
Prakrit: A language for the common masses. Unlike Sanskrit, Prakrit was a folk language.
Upanishads: Later vedic texts which recorded the then prevalent ideas and conversations between teachers and the students.
Atman: The individual soul was referred to as Atman, which according to many thinkers, was permanent and would last even post death.
Brahman: The term ‘Brahman’ referred to the universal soul.
Ahimsa: The idea of non-violence and not hurting or killing beings.
Jaina: Jaina comes from the root word ‘Jina’ meaning conqueror. This term came to be used for Mahavira and his followers.
Sangha: A primary mode of monastic organization of Buddhist and Jaina monks. Members of a sangha lived and prayed together.
Bhikkhu: The prakrit word which translates to ‘beggar’.
Vihara: The residential areas of monks were called viharas. They were more permanent quarters of living attached to the monasteries.
Monastery: The permanent shelters of monks and their supporters.