NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 – Confronting Marginalisation (Social Science), contains solutions to various questions in Exercise for Chapter 8. At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords and Notes which are important to understand Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation Class 8 Civics, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. We are providing NCERT Solutions for Class 8 all subjects which can be accessed by clicking here.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 – Confronting Marginalisation– Solutions to Question 1 to Question 3-Definition of Keywords-Assertive, Confront, Dispossessed, Ostracise, Morally reprehensible and Policy.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 – Confronting Marginalisation Exercises includes Questions/Answers which helps you to understand the topic covered in Confronting Marginalisation Class 8 Civics (Social Science), in a better manner to help you to score good marks in your examinations.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 – Confronting Marginalisation – NCERT Exercises
List two Fundamental Rights in the Constitution that Dalits can draw upon to insist that they be treated with dignity and as equals. Re-read the Fundamental Rights listed on page 14 to help you answer this question.
Dalits can draw upon the following Fundamental Rights to insist that they be treated with dignity and as equals:
- Right to Equality: All persons are equal before the law and no citizen can be discriminated against on the basis of their religion, caste or sex. Every person has access to all public places. Untouchability has also been banned.
- Right Against Exploitation:: This right protects the people from these communities from getting exploited by powerful sections of the societies and saves them from performing hazardous jobs against their will.
Re-read the story on Rathnam as well as the provisions of the 1989 Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act. Now list one reason why you think he used this law to file a complaint.
Rathnam was detested and his hut was set on fire because he refused to perform a ritual that humiliated his community. The 1989 Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act comprises of a long list of crimes and seeks to punish such offenders who forces others to perform any tasks like these against their will. Thus, Ratnam invoked this law to protest against the domination and violence of the powerful castes in his village.
Why do Adivasi activists, including C.K. Janu, believe that Adivasis can also use this 1989 Act to fight against dispossession? Is there anything specific in the provisions of the Act that allows her to believe this?
The Act differentiates among the several types of crimes against the SCs and STs. It mentions actions that dispossess Dalits and Adivasis of their meagre resources or push them into slave labor. It seeks to punish anyone who wrongfully occupies or cultivates any land owned by a member of the SC or ST. Thus, the Adivasis refer to this Act to defend their right to occupy land that was traditionally theirs and to fight against dispossession. This Act simply confirms what has been promised to them will be done – that their land cannot be taken away and sold to non-tribal people.
Topics Covered in Confronting Marginalisation Chapter 8 Civics (Social Science)
- Invoking Fundamental Rights
- Laws for the Marginalised
- Protecting the Rights of Dalits and Adivasis
- The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
- Adivasi Demands and the 1989 Act
Important Terms Relevant for NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 – Confronting Marginalisation :
Assertive: Someone who is aware and confidently voices his/her opinions.
Confront: To face and deal with an issue.
Dispossessed: To deprive someone of something that they owned
Ostracise: To be excluded or expelled from the society.
Morally reprehensible:An obnoxious act that violates human dignity
Policy:A course of action adopted by an authority or an organization.