NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 – Understanding Laws (Social Science), contains solutions to various questions in Exercise for Chapter 4. At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords and Notes which are important to understand Chapter 4 Understanding Laws Class 8 Civics, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. We are providing NCERT Solutions for Class 8 all subjects which can be accessed by clicking here.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 – Understanding Laws– Solutions to Question 1 to Question 3
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 – Understanding Laws– Solutions to Question 3 and Question 4-Definition of Keywords- Criticise, Evolution, Sedition, Repressive and Domestic Violence.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 – Understanding Laws Exercises includes -Questions/Answers which helps you to understand the topic covered in Understanding Laws Class 8 Civics (Social Science), in a better manner to help you to score good marks in your examinations.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 – Understanding Laws – NCERT Exercises
Write in your own words what you understand by the term the ‘rule of law’. In your response include a fictitious or real example of a violation of the rule of law.
Rule of law states that all people are equal before the law and that law is the supreme ruler. According to this, people cannot be discriminated on the basis of caste, class, sex or religion. Whether it is the President of the country or a daily wage earner punishment for a crime should remain the same without giving any special treatment to the privileged class. For example, If A belongs to a rich family who has committed theft and the punishment for the same is said to be five months of imprisonment, then B who belongs to a poor family if commits the same offence will be punished for five months only.
State two reasons why historians refute the claim that the British introduced the rule of law in India.
Historians refute the claim that the British introduced the rule of law in India on the following grounds:
- The colonial law was arbitrary, it was based on personal choices than any specific reason or code. It has been often observed that Britishers punished Indians harshly as compared to the Englishmen for the same offence. For example, there was the Sedition Act of 1870, because of which people were arrested without trial for various reasons that were seldom clarified.
- The Indian nationalists played a prominent role in the development of the legal sphere in British India, and in the evolution of rule of law. They objected and criticized against the arbitrary use of power by the English government and fought for equality and justice.
Re-read the storyboard on how a new law on domestic violence got passed. Describe in your own words the different ways in which women’s groups worked to make this happen.
The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act came into effect in 2005. As a result of repeated efforts from different organizations, untiring work of women groups and years of lobbying. Firstly, a group of lawyers, activists and law students drafted a bill which included a comprehensive definition of domestic violence and demand for provisions like monetary relief. Several meetings were held and the bill was introduced in the Parliament in 2002. However,owing to a few flaws in the bills, the National Commission for Women submitted its revised version and recommendations to the Parliamentary Standing Committee. The Committee accepted most of the demands of the women’s groups and reintroduced the bill. Finally, the bill was enacted in 2005 with an aim to protect women from any kind of domestic abuse, be it physical, verbal or emotional.
Write in your own words what you understand by the following sentence on page 44-45: They also began fighting for greater equality and wanted to change the idea of law from a set of rules that they were forced to obey, to the law as including ideas of justice.
The colonial law was arbitrary and was not made with the consent of Indians. Indian nationalists criticized discriminatory laws and fought for their rights. They did not want to follow rules merely because they were forced upon them, but they wanted the rules to reflect their needs and aspirations and to be more just and egalitarian. They wanted to be a part of the law making process and revolted against rules like the Sedition Act 1870. Their primary demand remained achieving equality.
Topics Covered in Understanding Laws Chapter 4 Civics (Social Science)
- Do Laws Apply to All?
- How Do New Laws Come About?
- Unpopular and Controversial Laws
Important Terms Relevant for NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 – Understanding Laws :
Criticise: To express dissatisfaction with or find faults in a particular thing or person.
Evolution: The growth or development of something over a period of time.
Sedition: An act that encourages people to rebel or protest against the government.
Repressive: Curbing one’s freedom and rights.
Domestic Violence: Violent or aggressive behaviour of one spouse to another inside the four walls of their house.