NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 6 – Political Parties (Social Science), contains solutions to various questions in Exercise for Chapter 6. At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords which are important to understand Chapter 6 Political Parties Class 10 Civics, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. We are providing NCERT Solutions for Class 10 all subjects which can be accessed by clicking here.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 6 – Political Parties Exercises includes Question/Answers which helps you to understand the topic covered in Political Parties Class 10 Civics (Social Science), in a better manner to help you to score good marks in your examinations.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 6 – Political Parties – NCERT Exercises
State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy.
The main functions that political parties play are as follows:
- Helping in contesting elections.
- Putting forward different Policies and Programmes from which the voters can make a choice.
- Parties play a decisive role in making the laws of the country.
- They form and run the government.
- Parties also play the role of opposition.
- Help in shaping public opinion.
- They provide people access to government machinery and welfare schemes. Implemented by the government.
What are the various challenges faced by political parties?
Several challenges are also faced by the political parties in their whole functioning process. Few of them are as follows:
- Lack of internal democracy among the parties which lead to concentration of powers in the hands of top and powerful leaders. Also, this leads to a lack of conducting regular meetings, elections etc. within the parties causing internal disturbances and lack of clarity.
- Lack of transparent working within the parties leading to narrowing the scope and possibilities of common people to rise in the top and become the leader.
- The growing role of money and muscle power which influences the whole process of democratic elections also causes problems for small parties as they can never come in the forefront as they cannot afford the expensive methods and ways of campaigns during the election process.
- The next challenge is mainly for the people as the parties do not offer a real choice to the candidates as all of them run on similar ideologies as a result of which the voters do not find a reason to vote or not to vote for one particular party over others which in turn create a problem for the parties which are not in power.
Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well?
A few reforms that can help to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well are as follows:
- Firstly, provisions should be made for women candidates by reserving at least 1/3rd seats for them. This will enhance the concept of equity and also maintain a balance between the male and female ration giving equal importance to the needs of both sections.
- Laws should be made to regulate the internal matters of the party and scope should be given to all the members of the party. Also laws like anti-defection etc. should be strictly followed to maintain stability.
- Persons not having clean records or having any criminal backgrounds should not be given a chance to be a member of the parties.
- Also, to curb the influence of the rich parties over the election process, state funding should be done for campaigns etc.
What is a political party?
A political party can be defined as a group of people who come together with a similar set of ideologies and unanimously agree to be a part of the same team to participate in the election process and hold power. It is generally a group who believe in promoting collective good and agrees to work for the upliftment of the society. Examples of political parties: Bhartiya Janata Party. Indian National Congress, etc.
What are the characteristics of a political party?
The main characteristics of a political party are as follows:
- Every political party should have three main components i.e. leaders, active members and followers.
- Every political party should have their own set of ideologies and believes on which they function. For example, BJP has the ideology of Cultural Nationalism.
- Every member of the party should be united and collectively believe in the welfare of citizens and the greater good of the society than their own selfish needs.
A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a ________.
Match List-I (organisations and struggles) with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
Codes are given below:
From the above-given choices, option (c) is the correct choice.
Who among the following is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party?
A. Kanshi Ram
B. Sahu Maharaj
C. B.R. Ambedkar
D. Jyotiba Phule
The founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party is an option (a) Kanshi Ram.
What is the guiding philosophy of the Bhartiya Janata Party?
A. Bahujan Samaj
B. Revolutionary democracy
C. Integral humanism
The guiding philosophy of the Bhartiya Janata Party is modernity as denoted by option (d).
Consider the following statements on parties.
A. Political parties do not enjoy much trust among the people.
B. Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders.
C. Parties are not necessary to run governments.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A, B, and C
(b) A and B
(c) B and C
(d) A and C
From the above-given options, statements a and b seem to be correct which are denoted by the option (b).
Topics Covered in Chapter 6 – Political Parties Class 10 Civics (Social Science)
- Why do we need political parties?
- How many parties should we have?
- State parties
- Challenges to political parties
- How can parties be reformed?
Important Terms Relevant for NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 6 – Political Parties
Centrist: Parties which neither beliefs in the left ideologies nor on the right ideologies are termed as centrist parties.
Election Commission: An election commission is a body which is stimulated with the responsibility of proper implementation of the electioneering process in any country.
Secularism: This concept means when the state does not interfere in the religious matters of the citizens or the state remains separate from religion.
Marxism: Marxism is a socio-political, and economic philosophy which inspects the effect of capitalism on labour, productivity, and economic development and debates for a worker revolution to overturn capitalism in favour of communism.