NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 – Popular Struggles and Movements

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 – Popular Struggles and Movements (Social Science), contains solutions to various questions in Exercise for Chapter 5.  At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords which are important to understand Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements Class 10 Civics, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. We are providing NCERT Solutions for Class 10 all subjects which can be accessed by clicking here.

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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 – Popular Struggles and Movements Exercises includes Question/Answers which helps you to understand the topic covered in Popular Struggles and Movements Class 10 Civics (Social Science), in a better manner to help you to score good marks in your examinations.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 – Popular Struggles and Movements – NCERT Exercises

Question 1:

In what ways do pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics?

Answer 1:

Pressure Groups are formed when people at large are dissatisfied with some particular governmental decision or policy and who work together unanimously to achieve the common goal of reformation or removal of the particular government decision of policy. Pressure groups work as the voice of the people and they put forward the needs and demands of the common masses in front of the government. They also help in checking the powers of the governments and helps to strike a balance and maintain it between the government and the public. They also play a crucial role in influencing certain policy decisions of the government by bringing to notice the different requirements of the people.

Question 2:

Describe the forms of relationship between pressure groups and political parties?

Answer 2:

The political parties and the Pressure groups both are sets of people who come together for a common purpose however both these groups mainly share an indirect relationship where both negotiate with each other to solve certain political and social issues. Many times it has been seen that both the groups come together and jointly fight for a particular cause. This, however, happens mainly in cases of opposition parties where the opposition party join hands with some pressure group and support them in their cause against the government as this pressure group symbolizes the voice of the common masses their demand and needs and opinions play a very crucial role.

Question 3:

Explain how the activities of pressure groups are useful in the functioning of a democratic government.

Answer 3:

  • Pressure Groups mainly represent the voice of people as people from various socio-economic and political backgrounds come together tom fight or protest against a particular cause mainly related to government policies and decisions.
  • These pressure groups help play a very crucial role in the functioning of the democratic government as they bring out in front of the common masses any obnoxious government policy which might be harmful to people at large.
  • They also help to strike a balance by controlling the government’s unlimited powers and maintains a peaceful situation.

Question 4:

What is a pressure group? Give a few examples.

Answer 4:

Pressure groups can be defined as organisations that try to influence government policies. But they do it indirectly. They form an organisation by collaborating with people from different professional and social backgrounds like teachers, students, workers etc. who willingly come together to achieve some common objective. For example, FEDECOR which helped during the Bolivian water war, BAMCEF which works for the discriminated sections etc.




Question 5:

What is the difference between a pressure group and a political party?

Answer 5:

  • A pressure group can be defined as either an organized or an unorganized set of or group of people who come together from various socio-economic and political backgrounds to fight for a unanimous cause or try to influence the policies setup made by the government.
    On the other hand, we can call the political part of a direct organisation where a set of people with similar ideologies form a group and directly takes part in the establishment of government dogmas.
  • A pressure group works both as a set of people working for a particular self-need or works together for the development of society as a whole.
    On the other hand, a political party generally works to gain power and even though it is shown that they work for the society the main cause of their unity is because of their selfish needs of gaining power.
  • There are no set norms for participation in a pressure group and anybody and everybody can become a part of it.
    On the other hand, to be a part of any particular political party, people need to follow a certain set of rules and regulations and have to fulfil the criteria’s that are necessary to be a part of the party.

Question 6:

Organisations that undertake activities to promote the interests of specific social sections such as workers, employees, teachers, and lawyers are called _______ groups.

Answer 6:

Sectional Interest

Question 7:

Which among the following is the special feature that distinguishes a pressure group from a political party?

(a) Parties take political stances, while pressure groups do not bother about political issues.

(b) Pressure groups are confined to a few people, while parties involve a larger number of people.

(c) Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do.

(d) Pressure groups do not seek to mobilise people, while parties do.

Answer 7:

Among all the above options, option (d) seems to be the most special feature that distinguishes a pressure group from a political party.

Question 8:

Match List I (organisations and struggles) with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

Codes are given below:

 

Answer 8:

From the above-given options or codes option (b) with codes 1 as C, 2 as D, 3 as A, and 4 as B seems to be the correct arrangement.

Question 9:

Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

Codes are given below:

Answer 9:

From the above-given options, option (a) with codes 1 as D, 2 as C, 3 as A and 4 as B seems to be the correct choice.

Question 10:

Consider the following statements about pressure groups and parties.

A. Pressure groups are the organized expression of the interests and views of specific social sections.
B. Pressure groups take positions on political issues.
C. All pressure groups are political parties.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) A, B, and C

(b) A and B

(c) B and C

(d) A and C

Answer 10:

From the given set of options, Option (b) stating statements A and B as correct seems to be the right choice.




Topics Covered in Chapter 5 – Popular Struggles and Movements Class 10 Civics (Social Science)

  • Popular struggles in Nepal and Bolivia
  • Mobilisation and organisations
  • Pressure groups and movements

Important Terms Relevant for NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 – Popular Struggles and Movements

Constitutional monarch: It is a system of government in which a monarch shares power with a constitutionally organized government. The monarch in most cases is the de facto head of state and the government is the de jure head.

Third-wave countries: Countries that won democracy after 1990 are referred to as third-wave countries like Nepal.

Alliance: An union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations.

Curfew: A guideline according to which people are required to remain indoors between specified hours owing to a variety of reasons like political turmoil, war etc.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics

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