NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 Rural Livelihoods (Social Science), contains solutions to various questions in Exercise for Chapter 8. At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords and Notes which are important to understand Chapter 8 Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Civics, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. We are providing NCERT Solutions for Class 6 all subjects which can be accessed by clicking here.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8-Rural Livelihoods– Solutions to Question 1 to Question 4
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8-Rural Livelihoods– Solutions to Question 4 to Question 6
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8-Rural Livelihoods– Solutions to Question 6-Definition of Keywords-Subsidy, Landless Laborers, Debt, Terrace farming and Agriculture.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 Rural Livelihoods Exercises includes – Questions/Answers which helps you to understand the topic covered in Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Civics (Social Science), in a better manner to help you to score good marks in your examinations.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 Rural Livelihoods – NCERT Exercises
You have probably noticed that people in Kalpattu are engaged in a variety of nonfarm work. List five of these.
Kalpattu is a small village close to the sea coast of Tamil Nadu and people there are engaged in a number of activities apart from agriculture. A few of them are as follows:
- Making Baskets, utensils, pots, bricks etc.
- Providing services like teachers, nurses, barbers etc.
- Shopkeepers and traders selling tea, snacks, items of daily use etc.
- Daily laborers working in repair shops or as construction workers.
- Working as drivers of lorry, bullock carts etc.
List the different types of people you read about in Kalpattu who depend on farming. Who is the poorest among them and why?
The different type of people who depend on farming in Kalpattu are: landless labourers like Thulasi, small landowners like Sekar and large landowners like Ramalingam. The poorest among them are the landless labourers because they have no fixed source of income, work seasonally and earn meagre wages.
Imagine you are a member of the fishing family and you are discussing whether to take a loan from the bank for an engine. What would you say?
It is always advisable to take loans from bank for purchasing equipments or raw materials than to take loans from money lenders. Money lenders are often the hoarders of money and charge extremely high rates of interest. This pushes the poor people deeper into debts, leaving them in pitiable conditions which often leads to them committing suicide.
Poor rural laborers like Thulasi often do not have access to good medical facilities, good schools and other resources. You have read about inequality in the first unit of the text. The difference between her and Ramalingam is one of inequality. Do you think this is a fair situation? What do you think can be done? Discuss in class.
The above situation is not a fair situation and is an example of inequality. Even though both practice agriculture, Ramalingam has a fixed source of income throughout the year as he owns a plot of land while Thulasi has only few months of secured income as she works as a daily wage laborer on Ramalingam’s land. In this situation, the government should take measures like land ceiling and equal distribution of land among the villagers to enable them to have a steady source of income throughout the year. Primary education and basic healthcare should be made free so that is accessible to all. This will help the villagers become more aware of their rights and stay healthy and free of diseases.
What do you think the government can do to help farmers like Sekar when they get into debt? Discuss.
In order to help farmers like Sekar, the government should provide them raw materials like seeds, fertilizers, pesticides at subsided prices. The government should also provide them loans at lower rates of interests and help them by buying some of their products at fixed prices so as to protect them from incurring losses.
Compare the situation of Sekar and Ramalingam by filling out the following table:
Topics Covered in Chapter 8-Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Civics (Social Science)
- Kalpattu village
- On being in Debt
- Ramalingam and Karuthamma
- Agricultural Labourers and Farmers in India
- Aruna and Paarivelan
- Rural Livelihoods
Important Terms Relevant for NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 Rural Livelihoods :
Subsidy: When the government provides certain essential commodities to poor people at rates lower than the market rate.
Landless Laborers: Laborers who do not own a piece of land themselves but workon others’ land on a daily wage basis to earn aliving.
Debt: When somebody takes a loan and owes a certain amount of money to the person who has given him the loan, he is said to in debt.
Terrace Farming: This is a method of farming where steps are built in the hills to practice cultivation of rice.
Agriculture: It is the science or practice of cultivating crops and rearing livestock.