NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 – Components of food, contains solutions to various questions in Exercise for Chapter 2. At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords and Notes which are important to understand NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 – Components of food, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. We are providing NCERT Solutions for Class 6 all subjects which can be accessed by clicking here.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 – Components of food – Solutions to Question 1 to 5
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 – Components of food – Definition of the Keywords – Balanced diet, Beriberi, Carbohydrates, Energy, Fats, Minerals, Nutrients, Proteins, Roughage, Scurvy, Starch and Vitamins.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 Components of food – Video Explanation
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 – Components of food, Exercises includes – Questions/ Answers, Tick the correct statement and Fill in the blanks which helps you to understand the topic covered in Components of food, in a better manner to help you to score good marks in your examinations.
1. Name the major nutrients in our food.
Answer – Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Vitamins and Minerals.
2. Name the following:
(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body – Carbohydrates
(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body – Proteins
(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight – Vitamin A
(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy – Calcium
3. Name two foods each rich in:
(a) Fats – Groundnuts, Meat
(b) Starch – Potatoes, Rice
(c) Dietary fibre – Fruits, Leafy vegetables
(d) Protein – Beans, Fish
4. Tick (√) the statements that are correct.
(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body. (x)
(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. (√)
(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. (√)
(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. (x)
5. Fill in the blanks.
(a) Rickets is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.
(b) Deficiency of Vitamin B1 causes a disease known as beri-beri.
(c) Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as Scurvy.
(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin A in our food.
Important Terms Relevant to understand NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 – Components of food: –
Balanced diet: The food that contains nutrients in right amount and is supplemented by roughage and water is called a balanced diet.
Beriberi: Beriberi is a deficiency disease caused due to lack of Vitamin B1 and leaves muscles weak and patients have little energy to work.
Carbohydrates: Nutrients that are present in our food in form of sugar and starch and give us energy are called carbohydrates.
Energy: The power we use to carry our day to day lives is called energy. Carbohydrates and fats are energy giving foods.
Fats: Fats are energy giving resources which can be found in our daily food. Oils and ghee are good sources of fat.
Minerals: Minerals are required by our body in small amounts. Each mineral is required for proper growth of body and to maintain good health.
Nutrients: Components needed by our body for proper growth and healthy working are called nutrients. Nutrients like proteins, vitamins and minerals are essential for our body.
Proteins: Proteins are nutrients required for growth and repair of the body. They can be found in food items like fish and pulses.
Roughage: Roughage is an important part of a balanced diet which adds bulk to our food and helps in getting rid of undigested food from our body. Salads add roughage to our food.
Scurvy: A deficiency disease caused because of lack of Vitamin C in the body is called scurvy. Bleeding gums is a common symptom of scurvy.
Starch: Starch is complex substances found in trees and food items. They are a source of carbohydrates.
Vitamins: Substances required by our body for proper functioning and keeping healthy are called vitamins. Vitamins are different kinds like vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin K. These are important for different functions of the body. Lack of vitamins in the body can lead to various deficiency diseases like scurvy and rickets.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science
- Chapter 1 – Food : Where does it come from
- Chapter 3 – Fibre to Fabric
- Chapter 4 – Sorting Material into Groups
- Chapter 5 – Separation of Substances
- Chapter 6 – Changes Around us
- Chapter 7 – Getting to Know Plants
- Chapter 8 – Body Movements
- Chapter 9 – Living Organism – Characteristics and Habitats
- Chaapter 10 – Motion and Measurement of Distance
- Chapter 11 – Light, Shadows and Reflections
- Chapter 12 – Electricity and Circuits
- Chapter 13 – Fun with Magnets
- Chapter 14 – Water
- Chapter 15 – Air Around us
- Chapter 16 – Garbage in, Garbage out