NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 – Population (Social Science), contains solutions to various questions in Exercise for Chapter 6. At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords which are important to understand Population Class 9 Geography, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. We are providing NCERT Solutions for Class 9 all subjects which can be accessed by clicking here.
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 – Population Exercises includes Question/Answers which helps you to understand the topic covered in Population Class 9 Geography (Social Science), in a better manner to help you to score good marks in your examinations.
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 – Population – NCERT Exercises
Ques.1: Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.
(i) Migrations change the number, distribution and composition of the population in
(a) the area of departure
(b) the area of arrival
(c) both the area of departure and arrival
(d) none of the above
(ii) A large proportion of children in a population is a result of
(a) high birth rates
(b) high life expectancies
(c) high death rates
(d) more married couples
(iii) The magnitude of population growth refers to
(a) the total population of an area
(b) the number of persons added each year
(c) the rate at which the population increases
(d) the number of females per thousand males
(iv) According to the Census, a “literate” person is one who
(a) can read and write his/her name
(b) can read and write any language
(c) is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding
(d) knows the 3 ‘R’s (reading, writing, arithmetic)
Ans.1: Correct alternatives:
(i) (c) both the area of arrival and departure
(ii) (a) high birth rates
(iii) (a) the total population of an area
(iv) (c) is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding
Ques.2: Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Why is the rate of population growth in India declining since 1981?
(ii) Discuss the major components of population growth.
(iii) Define age structure, death rate and birth rate.
(iv) How is migration a determinant factor of population change?
(i) The rate of population growth in India is declining since 1981 as awareness regarding birth control measures increased and people became increasingly aware of these measures.
(ii) The major components of population growth are birth rate, death rate, and migration.
(iii) Age structure refers to the number of people of different age groups in a given population. The birth rate is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year. Death rate refers to the number of deaths per thousand persons in a year is the death rate.
(iv) Migration is an important determinant factor of population change due to the following reasons:
- Migration changes the population size of the place of origin and the place of destination.
- The rural-urban composition and sex composition of the place of origin and destination are also changed.
Ques.3: Distinguish between population growth and population change.
Ques.4: What is the relation between occupational structure and development?
Ans.4: The occupational structure of a country is related to the development levels in the country. the number of workers engaged in a particular occupation or economic activity determines the development of the country. If a majority of the population of the country is engaged in the primary sector, it indicates that the economy is developing. On the contrary, if a larger share of the working population is engaged in the secondary and the tertiary sector, it indicates that the country is developed. A shift from major employers in the primary sector to the secondary and tertiary sector represents increasing development in a country.
Ques.5: What are the advantages of having a healthy population?
Ans.5: The advantages of having a healthy population are:
(a) A healthy population can devote man-hours to economic activities, thereby keeping up the pace of economic development.
(b) A healthy population is also an indicator of the successful implementation of government policies related to health.
(c) A healthy population makes a nation strong and prosperous.
(d) Only if the population of a country is healthy, it can contribute to the development of the nation.
Ques.6: What are the significant features of the National Population Policy 2000?
Ans.6: The National Population Policy was implemented in 2000 as a culmination of the efforts of the policies of the Family Planning Programme and Family Welfare programme. The major aims of NPP 2000 include imparting free and compulsory school education up to the age of 14 years, promoting delayed marriage for girls, to reduce infant mortality rates, and to achieve universal immunisation. The policy also aimed at making family welfare a people-centred programme.
Important Terms Relevant for NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 – Population
Population density: The number of persons per unit area is the population density.
Migration: The movement of people from one place to another.
Literacy: A person of age 7 years and above who can read and write with understanding in any language is a literate person.
Sex ratio: The number of females per 1000 males in a population is referred to as the sex ratio.