NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 – India-size and Location (Social Science), contains solutions to various questions in Exercise for Chapter 1. At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords which are important to understand India-size and Location Class 9 Geography, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. We are providing NCERT Solutions for Class 9 all subjects which can be accessed by clicking here.
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 – India-size and Location Exercises includes Question/Answers which helps you to understand the topic covered in India-size and Location Class 9 Geography (Social Science), in a better manner to help you to score good marks in your examinations.
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 – India-size and Location – NCERT Exercises
Ques.1: Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.
(i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through
(ii) The easternmost longitude of India is
(a) 97° 25′ E
(b) 68° 7′ E
(c) 77° 6′ E
(d) 82° 32′ E
(iii) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim have common frontiers with
(iv) If you intend to visit Kavaratti during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India you will be going to
(c) Andaman and Nicobar
(d) Daman and Diu
(v) My friend hails from a country which does not share a land boundary with India. Identify the country.
Ans.1: Correct alternatives:
(i) (b) Odisha
(ii) (a) 97⁰25’E
(iii) (c) Nepal
(iv) (b) Lakshadweep
(v) (b) Tajikistan
Ques.2: Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian Sea.
(ii) Name the countries which are larger than India.
(iii) Which island group of India lies to its south-east?
(iv) Which island countries are our southern neighbours?
(i) The island group lying in the Arabian Sea is the Lakshadweep Islands. As the island group lies within the latitudinal extent, i.e. 8⁰4’N to 37⁰6’N and the longitudinal extent, i.e. 68⁰7’E to 97⁰25’E of the Indian mainland, so it is considered as a part of the Indian territory.
(ii) India is the seventh-largest country in the world. The six countries which are larger than India are Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, and Australia.
(iii) The island group of Andaman & Nicobar Islands lies to the south-east of India in the Bay of Bengal. Since the island group lies within the latitudinal extent, i.e. 8⁰4’N to 37⁰6’N and the longitudinal extent, i.e. 68⁰7’E to 97⁰25’E of the Indian mainland, henceforth, it is a part of the Indian territory.
(iv) The countries of Sri Lanka and the Maldives are our southern neighbours. Sri Lanka is separated from India by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar, while the Maldives islands lie in the Indian Ocean, to the south of the Lakshadweep islands.
Ques.3: The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?
Ans.3: The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh in the east as compared to Gujarat in the west even though the watches show the same time. It happens because the time across all the regions of India is considered the same as the time on the 82⁰30’ E longitude since this longitude has been adopted as the Standard Meridian of India, which means that the time of this longitude is considered as the standard time across the entire nation. It passes through the city of Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh, which is situated almost at the center of the nation.
Ques.4: The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?
Ans.4: The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance because:
(a) India is located centrally at the head of the Indian Ocean, with the Deccan Peninsula protruding into the Ocean. This helps India to establish close contacts with Europe, and Africa, along with West, Southeast, and East Asia.
(b) India holds an eminent position in the Indian Ocean. This provides India with easy access to the countries lying on both the East and the West.
(c) The countries of Europe and East Asia are connected through the Indian Ocean, making India a strategically important nation.
Important Terms Relevant for NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 – India-size and Location
Latitude: These are the imaginary lines running horizontally over the globe in the east-west direction.
Longitude: These are the imaginary lines running vertically over the globe in the north-south direction.
Equator: An imaginary latitude that divides the earth in two equal halves.
Meridian: It is the circle of a latitude passing through poles.