NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 – Industries

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 – Industries

1. Answer the following questions.

(i) What is meant by the term ‘industry’?

Answer – Industry is an economic activity where we produce finished goods from raw materials using skills and technologies. This forms under the manufacturing or secondary sector and includes industries such as iron, coal, automobile industries.




(ii) Which are the main factors which influence the location of an industry?

Answer – The main factors influencing the location of an industry are:

  • Raw materials
  • Market
  • Labour supply
  • Transport cost

(iii) Which industry is often referred to as the backbone of modern industry and why?

Answer – Iron and Steel Industry is often referred to as the backbone of modern industry because of its immense utility and the various useful items that are produced from it.

(iv) Why cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai?

Answer – The cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai for the following reasons:

  • Easily available cotton which grows in the black regur soil in Maharashtra
  • Large demand of cotton from the region
  • Skilled labours being easily available
  • The port of Mumbai being a popular centre for trade.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 – Industries

2. Tick the correct answer.

(i) Fort Gloster is located in
(a) West Bengal

(b) California
(c) Gujarat

(ii) Which one of the following is a natural fibre?
(a) nylon
(b) jute
(c) acryclic




NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 – Industries

3. Distinguish between the followings.

(i) Agro-based and mineral based industry: Agro based industries uses raw materials that are available from the agricultural sector such as cotton, jute, wool, sugarcane, tea etc. Mineral based industries require raw materials which are derived from within the earth and have great value such as coal, iron ore, copper, gold, petroleum etc.

(ii) Public sector and joint sector industry Public sector industries is run by the government which implies it serves a lot of people locally,  whereas joint sector industries are run by government as well as the individual so it is run jointly. Therefore it is known as joint sector industries.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 – Industries

4. Give two examples of the following in the space provided :

(i) Raw Materials: Cotton and Coal

(ii) End products: Automobiles and packaged tea

(iii) Tertiary Activities: Trade and Transport

(iv) Agro-based Industries: Cotton and Jute

(v) Cottage Industries: Beedi and carpet making

(vi) Co-operatives: dairy and fish farming

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