NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 – Triangles

Download NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 – Triangles. This Exercise contains 10 questions, for which detailed answers have been provided in this note. In case you are looking at studying the remaining Exercise for Class 10 for Maths NCERT solutions for other Chapters, you can click the link at the end of this Note.

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 – Triangles

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NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 – Triangles

1. In given figure, (i) and (ii), DE||BC. Find EC in (i) and AD in (ii) 

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 Question 1

Solution:

(i) Let EC = x cm
Since DE||BC
By Basic proportionality theorem, we get
\cfrac { AD }{ DB } =\cfrac { AE }{ EC }
\cfrac { 1.5 }{ 3 } =\cfrac { 1 }{ x }
x = \cfrac { 3 }{ 1.5 }
x = 2
Therefore, EC = 2 cm

(ii) Let AD = x cm.
Since DE||BC in the figure (ii)
By Basic proportionality theorem, we get
\cfrac { AD }{ DB } =\cfrac { AE }{ EC }
\cfrac { x }{ 7.2 } =\cfrac { 1.8 }{ 5.4 }
x = \cfrac { 1.8\times 7.2 }{ 5.4 }
x = 2.4
Therefore, AD = 2.4 cm

 

2. E and F are points on the sides PQ and PR respectively of a ∆ PQR. For each of the following cases state whether EF||QR:

(i) PE=3.9 cm, EQ=3 cm, PF=3.6 cm, and FR=2.4 cm
(ii) PE=4 cm, QE=4.5 cm, PF=8 cm, and RF=9 cm
(iii) PQ=1.28 cm, PR=2.56 cm, PE=0.18 cm, and PF=0.36 cm

Solution:

(i) Given: PE=3.9 cm, EQ=3 cm, PF=3.6 cm, and FR=2.4 cm
\cfrac { PE }{ QE } =\cfrac { 3.9 }{ 3 } = 1.3
\cfrac { PF }{ FR } =\cfrac { 3.6 }{ 2.4 } = 1.5
Since\cfrac { PE }{ QE } \neq \cfrac { PF }{ FR }
Hence in this case EF is not parallel QR.

(ii) Given: PE=4 cm, QE=4.5 cm, PF=8 cm, and RF=9 cm
\cfrac { PE }{ QE } =\cfrac { 4 }{ 4.5 } = \cfrac { 8 }{ 9 }
\cfrac { PF }{ FR } =\cfrac { 8 }{ 9 }
Since\cfrac { PE }{ QE } = \cfrac { PF }{ FR }
Hence in this case EF is parallel to QR.

(iii) Given: PQ=1.28 cm, PR=2.56 cm, PE=0.18 cm, and PF=0.36 cm
\cfrac { PE }{ PQ } =\cfrac { 0.18 }{ 1.28 } = \cfrac { 9 }{ 64 }
\cfrac { PF }{ PR } =\cfrac { 0.36 }{ 2.56 } = \cfrac { 9 }{ 64 }
Since\cfrac { PE }{ PQ } = \cfrac { PF }{ PR }
Hence in this case EF is parallel to QR.

 

3. In this figure if LM||CB and LN||CD, prove that \cfrac { AM }{ AB } = \cfrac { AN }{ AD }

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 Question 3

Solution: Given that LM || CB then using the basic proportionality theorem we have
\cfrac { AM }{ AB } =\cfrac { AL }{ AC } ……(1)
Also, LN || CD
\cfrac { AN }{ AD } =\cfrac { AL }{ AC } ……(2)
From equation (1) and (2) we get
\cfrac { AM }{ AB } =\cfrac { AN }{ AD }
Hence Proved




4. In the figure DE||AC and DF||AE. Prove that \cfrac { BF }{ FE } =\cfrac { BE }{ EC }

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 Question 4

Solution: In ∆ABC we have DE||AC
Then by basic proportionality theorem, we have
\cfrac { BD }{ DA } =\cfrac { BE }{ EC } ….(1)
In ∆ABE we have DF||AE
Then by basic proportionality theorem, we have
\cfrac { BD }{ DA } =\cfrac { BF }{ FE } ……(2)
From equation (1) and (2) we get
\cfrac { BE }{ EC } =\cfrac { BF }{ FE }

 

5. In the figure, DE||OQ and DF||OR. Show that EF||QR.

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 Question 5

Solution: In ∆ POQ, DE||OQ
By using basic proportionality theorem, we have
\cfrac { PE }{ EQ } =\cfrac { PD }{ DO } ……(1)
In ∆ POR, DF||OR
By using basic proportionality theorem, we have
\cfrac { PF }{ FR } =\cfrac { PD }{ DO } ……(2)
From equation (1) and (2) we have
\cfrac { PF }{ FR } =\cfrac { PE }{ EQ }
By using the converse of basic property theorem, we have EF||QR.

 

6. In the figure A, B and C are the points on OP, OQ and OR respectively such that AB||PQ and AC||PR. Show that BC||QR.

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 Question 6

Solution: In ∆POQ, we have AB||PQ
By using basic proportionality theorem, we have
\cfrac { OB }{ BQ } =\cfrac { OA }{ AP } ……..(1)
In ∆POR, we have AC||PR
By using basic proportionality theorem, we have
\cfrac { OC }{ CR } =\cfrac { OA }{ AP } ……(2)
From equation (1) and (2), we get
\cfrac { OB }{ BQ } =\cfrac { OC }{ CR }
By using the converse of basic proportionality theorem, we have
BC||QR

 

7. Using the basic proportionality theorem prove that the line drawn through the mid-point of one side of a triangle parallel to another side bisects the third side. (Recall that you have proved in class IX).

Solution:

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 Question 7

Let ∆ABC be any triangle and DE be the line drawn through the mid-point of the side AB and any point E on AC. Here DE||BC
By using basic proportionality theorem, we have
\cfrac { AD }{ DB } =\cfrac { AE }{ EC }
\cfrac { 1 }{ 1 } =\cfrac { AE }{ EC } [since D is the mid-point of AB]
AE = EC
Hence E is also the mid-point of AC.

 

8. Using the converse of basic proportionality theorem, prove that the line joining the mid-points of any sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side.

 Solution:

Let ∆ABC be any triangle and DE be the line segment joining mid-points D and E of the sides AB and AC respectively. Hence AD=DB and AE=EC
Therefore, \cfrac { AD }{ DB } =\cfrac { 1 }{ 1 } and \cfrac { AE }{ EC } =\cfrac { 1 }{ 1 }
Hence,  \cfrac { AD }{ DB } =\cfrac { AE }{ EC }
By converse of basic proportionality theorem, we have DE||BC

 

9. ABCD is a trapezium in which AB||DC and its diagonal intersect each other at the point O. Show that \cfrac { AO }{ BO } =\cfrac { CO }{ DO }

Solution:

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 Question 9

Draw a line EF passes through point O, such that EF||CD
In ∆ACD, EO||CD
By basic proportionality theorem, we have
\cfrac { AE }{ ED } =\cfrac { AO }{ OC } …….(1)
In ∆ABD, EO||AB
By basic proportionality theorem, we have
\cfrac { AE }{ ED } =\cfrac { BO }{ OD } …….(2)
From equation (1) and (2), we have
\cfrac { AO }{ OC } =\cfrac { BO }{ OD }
\cfrac { AO }{ BO } =\cfrac { CO }{ DO }




10. The diagonals of the quadrilateral ABCD intersect each other at the point O such that

\cfrac { AO }{ BO } =\cfrac { CO }{ DO } . Show that ABCD is a trapezium.

Solution:

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 Question 10

Draw a line EF parallel to AB.
In ∆ABD, EO||AB
By basic proportionality theorem, we have
\cfrac { AE }{ ED } =\cfrac { BO }{ OD } ……(1)
\cfrac { AO }{ BO } =\cfrac { CO }{ DO } [Given]
\cfrac { AO }{ CO } =\cfrac { BO }{ DO } …….(2)
From equation (1) and (2), we have
\cfrac { AE }{ ED } =\cfrac { AO }{ CO }
By converse of basic proportionality theorem, we have EO||DC
Hence, AB || OE || DC
⇒ AB || DC.
Therefore, ABCD is a trapezium.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 – Triangles, has been designed by the NCERT to test the knowledge of the student on the topic – Similarity of Triangles

Download NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise 6.2 – Triangles

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