# NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 – Maps

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 – Maps

1. Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What are the three components of a map?

Answer: The three main components of a map are:

1) distance, which can be calculated by estimating the scale of the map. The distance of a map which is represented by a scale helps us understand how big or small the area is.

2) Compass Direction: A map contains latitudes and longitudes, which are imaginary lines to locate any point on the earth. Some maps may only contain a North arrow to show the Direction of North.

3) Symbols (or Key): Many maps are represented either by colours or symbols because it may look extremely clustered to put in all details on the map itself. Therefore, in the bottom left or right corner, there are legends to

(b) What are the four cardinal directions?

Answer: The four cardinal directions are North, South, East and West.

(c) What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?

Answer: Scale of a map depicts how large or small an area is represented by the map. Maps may show and illustrate as big a feature as the world or it may depict a small area such as a city. Accordingly, the scales of a map is either a large scale map or a small scale map.

(d) How are maps more helpful than a globe?

Answer: Maps are more helpful than globe as the maps are usually made on paper and thus easy to carry, moreover the scale of a map can be easily changed according to the requirement. Maps are also cost effective than globes.

(e) Distinguish between a map and a plan.

Answer: A Map is a roughly drawn idea or diagram that shows only basic details which are important such as the boundary or the distance between two places. It does not have any definite scale and is not extremely accurate.

A plan on the other hand is an accurate form of a map with definite graticules or a north arrow. The scale on the plan map is accurate which shows a small area on a large scale. Planned maps are extremely helpful for navigation purposes.

(f) Which map provides detailed information?

Answer: A large scale map provides detailed information as they show a small surface on the earth such as a city region or a mouza according to the landuse. It shows how many houses, shops, hospitals, schools, roads are there. This they provide with vivid information.

(g) How do symbols help in reading maps?

Answer: Many maps are represented either by colours or symbols because it may look extremely clustered to put in all details on the map itself. Therefore, in the bottom left or right corner, there are legends to explain what a particular colour or symbol means. For example, Yellow depicts desert area, Green depicts plain land, Brown depicts hilly region.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 – Maps

(a) Maps showing distribution of forests are
(i) Physical map
(ii) Thematic Map
(iii) Political map

(b) The blue colour is used for showing
(i) Water bodies
(ii) Mountains
(iii) Plains

(c) A compass is used –
(i) To show symbols
(ii) To find the main direction
(iii) To measure distance

(d) A scale is necessary
(i) For a map
(ii) For a sketch
(iii) For symbols

NCERT Solutions for Class 6