NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 – Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 – Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes

  1. Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What is the true shape of the earth?

Answer: The true shape of the earth is known as oblate spheroid, it bulges near the equator and flattens around the poles. The shape of the earth represents closely to that of an orange.

(b) What is a globe?

Answer: A globe a 3-Dimensional model of the earth in a miniature form. Since it becomes difficult to understand the shape, size and location of different continents on the earth, the globe presents an easy solution to it. A globe also has latitudes and longitudes marked on it for easy identification.

(c) What is the latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer?

Answer: The latitudinal value of tropic of cancer is 23.5° N.

(d) What are the three heat zones of the Earth?

Answer: The Earth is divided into three Heat Zones.
1. The Frigid Zone, which is around the poles
2. The Temperate Zone, between the tropics and 66.5° N and S.
3. The Torrid Zone, between the tropic of Cancer and tropic of Capricorn.

(e) What are parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude?

Answer: The imaginary lines drawn horizontally from left to right specifies the North-South position of a point on the Earth surface and are known as the Parallels of latitude. Similarly, imaginary lines drawn vertically (up and down) that meet at the North and South Poles are known as meridians or longitudes. Latitudes ranges from 0°-90° in both the hemispheres. The meridians or longitudes are semi circles which converge on both the poles and are measured east or west of the prime meridian

(f) Why does the torrid zone receive maximum amount of heat?

Answer: The torrid zone ranges between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn (23.5° N and S). As the earth revolves around the sun in its tilted axis, the sun’s rays fall vertically over these two important lines of latitude during the two solstices. Thus, receive the maximum amount of heat.

(g) Why is it 5.30 p.m. in India and 12.00 noon in London?

Answer: The time difference in India and London is because of the difference of longitude. Each country follows a standard time according to its Central longitude. Indian Standard Meridian is located 82½° east of the Prime Meridian. Thus the Indian Standard Time (IST) is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of GMT which is located close to London.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 – Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes

  1. Tick the correct answers.

(a) The value of the prime meridian is
(i) 90°
(ii) 0°
(iii) 60°

(b) The frigid zone lies near
(i) the Poles
(ii) the Equator
(iii) the Tropic of Cancer

(c) The total number of longitudes are
(i) 360
(ii) 180
(iii) 90

(d) The Antarctic circle is located in
(i) the Northern hemisphere
(ii) the Southern hemisphere
(iii) the Eastern hemisphere

(e) Grid is a network of
(i) parallels of latitudes and merdians of longitudes
(ii) the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
(iii) the North Pole and the South Pole

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 – Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes

  1. Fill in the blanks.

(a) The Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23.5 degrees south.
(b) The Standard Meridian of India is 82½° E.
(c) The 0° Meridian is also known as the prime meridian.
(d) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards poles.
(e) The Arctic Circle is located in the Northern hemisphere.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6

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