### 4 digit by 1 digit Multiplication Examples

**4 digit by 1 digit Multiplication – Example 1**

Find the product.

3254 x 5 = ?

**Explanation**

Step I: Multiply 4 in ones place with 5

4 x 5 = 20

Since, the number is more than 9, we need to carry over 2 to the tens place.

Write 0 in ones place.

Step II: Multiply 5 in tens place with 5

5 x 5 = 25

Add the carry over of 2 to 25

25 + 2 = 27

Since, the number is more than 9, we need to carry over 2 to the hundreds place.

Write 7 in tens place.

Step III: Multiply 2 in hundreds place with 5

2 x 5 = 10

Add the carry over of 2 to 10

10 + 2 = 12

Since, the number is more than 9, we need to carry over 1 to the thousands place.

Write 2 in hundreds place.

Step IV: Multiply 3 in thousands place with 5

3 x 5 = 15

Add the carry over of 1 to 15

15 + 1 = 16

Since, the number is more than 9, we need to carry over 1 to the ten thousands place.

Write 1 in ten thousands place and 6 in thousands place.

Hence, 3254 x 5 = 16270

**4 digit by 1 digit Multiplication – Example 2**

Find the product.

5234 x 8 = ?

**Explanation**

Step I: Multiply 4 in ones place with 8

4 x 8 = 32

Since, the number is more than 9, we need to carry over 3 to the tens place.

Write 2 in ones place.

Step II: Multiply 3 in tens place with 8

3 x 8 = 24

Add the carry over of 3 to 24

24 + 3 = 27

Since, the number is more than 9, we need to carry over 2 to the hundreds place.

Write 7 in tens place.

Step III: Multiply 2 in hundreds place with 8

2 x 8 = 16

Add the carry over of 2 to 16

16 + 2 = 18

Since, the number is more than 9, we need to carry over 1 to the thousands place.

Write 8 in hundreds place.

Step IV: Multiply 5 in thousands place with 8

5 x 8 = 40

Add the carry over of 1 to 40

40 + 1 = 41

Since, the number is more than 9, we need to carry over 4 to the ten thousands place.

Write 4 in ten thousands place and 1 in thousands place.

Hence, 5234 x 8 = 41872

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