Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers

India-size and Location Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers covers various types i.e. Very short,  Short and Long questions, related to the topic so as to help the students with their preparation by helping them do an in-depth study of the topic.

The chapter begins with a description of the location and size of India. The following section discusses the location and position of India with respect to the rest of the world. This section discusses in detail the position of India at the head of the Indian Ocean and how this positioning is of strategic importance. The importance of trade routes and links with the outside world are discussed, describing economic and cultural exchanges. The chapter ends with a description of India and its neighbouring countries.

Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Extra Questions are Answered in detail by our team of experts which includes teachers and professionals. These solutions have been compiled in an easy to understand manner, keeping in mind, the perspective of strong, and weak students. We are providing NCERT Solutions for Class 9 all subjects which can be accessed by clicking here.

Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers – Very Short Type Questions: [1-2 marks]

Ques.1: In which hemisphere does India lie?

Ans.1: Northern hemisphere

Ques.2: What is the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India?

Ans.2: Latitudinal extent: 8⁰4’N to 37⁰6’N; Longitudinal extent: 68⁰7’E to 97⁰25’E




Ques.3: Which latitude divides India into two halves?

Ans.3: Tropic of Cancer, 23⁰30’N

Ques.4: Which island groups are a part of India?

Ans.4: Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep Islands

Ques.5: What is the total area of Indian landmass?

Ans.5: 3.28 lakh sq. km.

Ques.6: What is the total length of Indian coastline?

Ans.6: 7,816.6 km.

Ques.7: India is the _________ largest country in the world.

Ans.7: seventh

Ques.8: Which water bodies surround India?

Ans.8:The Arabian Sea lies on the west of India, the Bay of Bengal on the east, and the Indian Ocean in the south.

Ques.9: What is the standard meridian of India? Which city does it pass through?

Ans.9: The standard meridian of India is 82⁰30’E. it passes through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh.

Ques.10: What are the north-south and east-west extent of India?

Ans.10: The north-south extent of India is 3,214 km. and the east-west extent of India is 2,933 km.

Ques.11: Name the neighbouring countries of India.

Ans.11: The neighbouring countries of India are Pakistan and Afghanistan in the northwest, China (Tibet), Nepal and Bhutan in the north, Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east, and Sri Lanka and the Maldives in the south.

Ques.12: When did the Suez Canal open? How did it benefit India?

Ans.12: The Suez Canal opened in 1869, and it reduced India’s distance from Europe by 7,000 km.

Ques.13: Sri Lanka is separated from India by __________.

Ans.13: Sri Lanka is separated from India by Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar.

Ques.14: What were the two types of states of India before Independence?

Ans.14: Before Independence, India was divided into two different types of states namely Provinces and the Princely states. The provinces were ruled by the Britishers directly through appointed Viceroys and the Princely states were ruled by the hereditary rulers or the kings.

Ques.15: Why was 82⁰30’ E longitude selected as the Standard Meridian of India?

Ans.15: The 82⁰30’ E longitude was selected as the Standard Meridian of India as it passes almost through the center of the country. The adoption of a common standard Meridian for the country helps maintain the uniformity of action and time across the entire nation.




Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers – Short Answer Type Questions: 2-4 Marks

Ques.1: Why is the Indian Ocean named after India?

Ans.1: The Indian Ocean is named after India for the following reasons:

a) Among all the nations that border the Indian Ocean, India has the longest coastline.
b) Lying in the Indian Ocean, India provides a stop for the major trade routes of the Indian Ocean to Europe, East Asia. This provides India with a strategic location.
c) The extensions of the Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal surround India.
d) Moreover, India is located centrally at the head of the Indian Ocean, with the Deccan Peninsula protruding into the Ocean.

Ques.2: Why is the location of India strategically important?

Ans.2: The location of India is strategically important because:

a) India is located centrally at the head of the Indian Ocean, with the Deccan Peninsula protruding into the Ocean. This helps India to establish close contacts with Europe, Africa, and West Asia, Southeast, and East Asia.
b) India holds an eminent position in the Indian Ocean. This provides India with easy access to the countries lying on both in the East as well as the West.
c) The countries of Europe and East Asia are connected through the Indian Ocean, making India a strategically important location.

Ques.3: Discuss the importance of land routes and mountain passes of India during ancient times.

Ans.3: The land routes and mountain passes of India are much older than its sea routes. The mountain passes have facilitated ancient travelers and traders to cross nations and helped in economic exchanges like spices, muslin, etc. and cultural exchanges like languages, ideas, religions, belief systems, etc. The influence of Greek sculpture and West Asian architectural styles can be found in many parts of India. It was because of these routes that Indian stories of Panchatantra, knowledge of the Upanishads, Ramayana, the Indian decimal and its numeric system came to the notice of the rest of the world.




Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers – Long Answer Type Questions

Ques.1: Describe the importance of India’s long coastline.

Ans.1: India has the longest coastline among all the countries bordering the Indian Ocean. The coastline of India measures 7,616.6 km, including the boundaries of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep Islands. This coastline is important to India for the following reasons:

a) India holds an eminent position in the Indian Ocean. This provides India with easy access to the countries lying both to its East as well as to its West.
b) The countries of Europe and East Asia are connected through the Indian Ocean, making India a strategically important nation.
c) India is located centrally at the head of the Indian Ocean, with the Deccan Peninsula protruding into the Ocean. This helps India to establish close contacts with Europe, Africa, and West Asia, Southeast, and East Asia.
d) The closeness to the ocean also helps regulate the climate of the country, with the annual arrival of rain-bearing winds.
e) The long coastline also gives India access to the waters which are rich in minerals and various other natural resources like petroleum with are of great economic importance.

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