Impact of Budget 2019 on individuals
1. Mandatory Filing of Return
A person shall be mandatorily required to file his return of income, if during the previous year, he –
(i) has deposited an amount or aggregate of the amounts exceeding one crore rupees in one or more current account maintained with a banking company or a co-operative bank; or
(ii) has incurred expenditure of an amount or aggregate of the amounts exceeding two lakh rupees for himself or any other person for travel to a foreign country; or
(iii) has incurred expenditure of an amount or aggregate of the amounts exceeding one lakh rupees towards consumption of electricity; or
(iv) fulfils such other prescribed conditions, as may be prescribed.
A person who is claiming such rollover benefits on investment in a house or a bond or other assets, under sections 54, 54B, 54D, 54EC, 54F, 54G, 54GA and 54GB of the Act, shall necessarily be required to furnish a return, if before claim of the rollover benefits, his total income is more than the maximum amount not chargeable to tax. These amendments will take effect from 1st April, 2020 and will, accordingly apply in relation to assessment year 2020-2021 and subsequent assessment years
2. Deduction of TDS u/s 194M
An individual or an HUF shall be liable to deduct TDS @ 5%, where they make payment exceeding Rs. 50 lakhs in a year to to the contractor (referred to in Section 194 C) or to a professional (referred to in Section 194 J)
3. TDS at the time of purchase of immovable property
For the purpose of deduction of TDS by an individual in respect of purchase of immovable property, other than agricultural land, “consideration for immovable property” shall include all charges of the nature of club membership fee, car parking fee, electricity and water facility fees, maintenance fee, advance fee or any other charges of similar nature, which are incidental to transfer of the immovable property.
This amendment will take effect from 1st September, 2019.
4. Increase in Tax Rates
The revised surcharge on individuals shall be levied as under : –
(i) ten per cent. of such income-tax in case of a person having a total income exceeding fifty lakh rupees but not exceeding one crore rupees;
(ii) fifteen per cent. of such income-tax in case of a person having a total income exceeding one crore rupees but not exceeding two crore rupees;
(iii) twenty five per cent. of such income-tax in case of a person having a total income exceeding two crore rupees but not exceeding five crore rupees – Effective increase of tax by 3.12% ; and
(iv) thirty seven per cent. of such income-tax in case of a person having a total income exceeding five crore rupees Effective increase of tax by 6.86%.
5. Use of Aadhar instead of PAN
The Government proposes to provide for inter-changeability of PAN with the Aadhaar number. Accordingly the provisions of section 139A are proposed to be amended so as to provide that,-
(i) every person who is required to furnish or intimate or quote his PAN under the Act, and who, has not been allotted a PAN but possesses the Aadhaar number, may furnish or intimate or quote his Aadhaar number in lieu of PAN, and such person shall be allotted a PAN in the prescribed manner;
(ii) every person who has been allotted a PAN, and who has linked his Aadhaar number under section 139AA, may furnish or intimate or quote his Aadhaar number in lieu of a PAN.
- Section 139A, inter alia, provides that every person, receiving a document relating to a transaction for which PAN is required to be quoted shall ensure that the PAN has been duly quoted therein. It is proposed to provide that every person receiving such documents shall also ensure that the PAN or the Aadhaar number, as the case may be, has been duly quoted. A new sub-section (6A) is also proposed to be inserted to ensure quoting of PAN or Aadhaar number for entering into prescribed transactions and authentication thereof in the prescribed manner.
- Duty is also proposed to be cast upon the person receiving any document relating to such transactions, through newly proposed sub-section (6B), to ensure that PAN or Aadhaar number, as the case may be, is duly quoted, and authenticated.
- In order to ensure proper compliance of the provisions relating to quoting and authentication of PAN or Aadhaar, the penalty provision contained in section 272B is proposed to be amended suitably.
- These amendments will take effect from 1st September, 2019.